Swollen feet during the pregnancy
During pregnancy, many women feel swollen feet. Because the body stores extra fluid to protect and nourish the growing fetus, swelling is normal during this time. Swelling of the feet occurs later in pregnancy, when the uterus and fetus exert more pressure on the legs and feet. This pressure can impair circulation and promote fluid retention, resulting in edema.
We’ll look at some of the things ladies may do at home to minimize edema. We also go over the symptoms that might suggest a more serious issue and when you should contact a doctor.
Causes of swollen feet
Swelling in specific areas of the body is a common occurrence during pregnancy. It usually happens when the body produces excess fluid to support the fetus’s growth. Additionally, circulation slows, which can contribute to fluid accumulation.
Because the uterus swells with the growing fetus, the feet and ankles might swell, putting extra strain on the lower body’s veins.
Swelling in the feet occurs most frequently in the third trimester of pregnancy. This is because the fetus is bigger, putting additional pressure on the legs and feet. When a woman’s feet expand during pregnancy, the edema usually looks like this:
- progressively gets worse in hot weather
- gets worse at the end of the day
- gets better when they lie down
- or lift their feet is equal in both feet
Remedy at home
During pregnancy, women may be able to minimize edema in their feet by performing the following actions at home:
- avoiding long periods of standing, as this can increase pressure in the legs and feet and cause more swelling
- elevating the feet slightly to increase blood flow toward the heart while sleeping
- wearing supportive tights or compression stockings to help improve circulation in the legs
- staying active throughout the day, with short walks or gentle exercise limiting salt intake
- Keeping hydrated by consuming 8–10 glasses of water
- Each day, drink a reliable source of hydration to help prevent the body from retaining extra water
- while avoiding caffeine
- apparel that is relaxed and comfy
- a pair of roomy socks and a pair of comfy shoes
- avoiding lengthy hours of sitting
- In warmer weather, keep cool by sleeping on the left side of the body, which can assist boost blood flow to the heart.
- Massage or reflexology can also help enhance circulation.
Exercises – Swollen feet
When you’re relaxing, you may boost your circulation by doing foot exercises. Pregnant women might attempt flexing one foot up and down 30 times before repeating the exercise with the opposing foot. They can then lift one foot off the floor and twist it eight times clockwise and then eight times anticlockwise. They should then do the same thing with the opposing foot.
Medical attention is required.
Swollen feet are a typical side effect of pregnancy, despite their discomfort. Medical therapy is unlikely to be required, and many women find that home remedies can help them alleviate swelling.
If a woman’s swollen feet are caused by an underlying ailment, she will need medical attention.
Swelling during pregnancy might occasionally indicate a health problem. If a woman notices a sudden or quick rise in swelling, she should call her midwife, doctor, or healthcare team right once.
Preeclampsia can be identified by a rapid rise in foot edema. A puffy or swollen face, edema around the eyes, or abrupt swelling in the hands may also be noticed by women.
If the swelling in the feet is severe, pushing down on the skin for a few seconds may leave an indentation. There may be some decolonization in the legs as well.
Preeclampsia is a medical disorder that can occur during pregnancy or after delivery. Preeclampsia is a condition that affects pregnant women and causes high blood pressure and organ issues.
It usually happens after 20 weeks of pregnancy or up to 6 weeks following delivery. Preeclampsia may develop fast, and if left untreated, it can be extremely harmful to both the mother and the fetus. To reduce blood pressure, a doctor may prescribe antihypertensive medications. Healthcare providers may advise delivering the baby early if the pregnancy has progressed to 37 weeks or more.
Thrombosis of the deep veins
Deep vein thrombosis, or a blood clot, can cause uneven swelling in the feet or legs (DVT). Women who are pregnant or who have just given birth are at a higher risk. DVT is more common in pregnant women than in non-pregnant women.
The weight of the fetus on the legs is also increasing, which might restrict circulation. Blood flow in the legs might be reduced by being less mobile than normal during pregnancy and the recovery time following birth.
To prevent or treat blood clots and DVT, a doctor may prescribe a medication called low-molecular-weight heparin. The medicine will be injected beneath the skin.